مرشد و مارگریتا

  • Title: مرشد و مارگریتا
  • Author: Mikhail Bulgakov Abbas Milani
  • ISBN: 9647443277
  • Page: 402
  • Format: Hardcover
  • .

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      Published :2019-09-25T17:55:58+00:00

    About “Mikhail Bulgakov Abbas Milani

    • Mikhail Bulgakov Abbas Milani

      Mikhail Bulgakov was born in Kyiv, Russian Empire today Ukraine on May 15 1891 He studied and briefly practised medicine and, after indigent wanderings through revolutionary Russia and the Caucasus, he settled in Moscow in 1921 His sympathetic portrayal of White characters in his stories, in the plays The Days of the Turbins The White Guard , which enjoyed great success at the Moscow Art Theatre in 1926, and Flight 1927 , and his satirical treatment of the officials of the New Economic Plan, led to growing criticism, which became violent after the play The Purple Island His later works treat the subject of the artist and the tyrant under the guise of historical characters, with plays such as Moli re, staged in 1936, Don Quixote, staged in 1940, and Pushkin, staged in 1943 He also wrote a brilliant biography, highly original in form, of his literary hero, Moli re, but The Master and Margarita, a fantasy novel about the devil and his henchmen set in modern Moscow, is generally considered his masterpiece Fame, at home and abroad, was not to come until a quarter of a century after his death at Moscow in 1940 Detailed Version Mikha l Afanasyevich Bulgakov Russian was the first of six children in the family of a theology professor His family belonged to the intellectual elite of Kyiv Bulgakov and his brothers took part in the demonstration commemorating the death of Leo Tolstoy Bulgakov later graduated with honors from the Medical School of Kyiv University in 1915 He married his classmate Tatiana Lappa, who became his assistant at surgeries and in his doctor s office He practiced medicine, specializing in venereal and other infectious diseases, from 1915 to 1919 he later wrote about the experience in Notes of a Young Doctor He joined the anti communist White Army during the Russian Civil War After the Civil War, he tried unsuccesfully to emigrate from Russia to reunite with his brother in Paris Several times he was almost killed by opposing forces on both sides of the Russian Civil War, but soldiers needed doctors, so Bulgakov was left alive He provided medical help to the Chehchens, Caucasians, Cossacs, Russians, the Whites, and the Reds.In 1921, Bulgakov moved to Moscow There he became a writer and became friends with Valentin Katayev, Yuri Olesha, Ilya Ilf, Yevgeni Petrov, and Konstantin Paustovsky Later, he met Mikhail Zoschenko, Anna Akhmatova, Viktor Ardov, Sergei Mikhalkov, and Kornei Chukovsky Bulgakov s plays at the Moscow Art Theatre were directed by Stanislavsky and Vladimir Nemirovich Danchenko Bugakov s own way of life and his witty criticism of the ugly realities of life in the Soviet Union caused him much trouble His story Heart of a Dog 1925 is a bitter satire about the loss of civilized values in Russia under the Soviet system Soon after, Bulgakov was interrogated by the Soviet secret service, OGPU After interrogations, his personal diary and several unfinished works were confiscated by the secret service His plays were banned in all theaters, which terminated his income Destitute, he wrote to his brother in Paris about his terrible life and poverty in Moscow Bulgakov distanced himself from the Proletariat Writer s Union because he refused to write about the peasants and proletariat He adapted Dead Souls by Nikolai Gogol for the stage it became a success but was soon banned.He took a risk and wrote a letter to Joseph Stalin with an ultimatum Let me out of the Soviet Union, or restore my work at the theaters On the 18th of April of 1930, Bulgakov received a telephone call from Joseph Stalin The dictator told the writer to fill an employment application at the Moscow Art Theater Gradually, Bulgakov s plays were back in the repertoire of the Moscow Art Theatre But most other theatres were in fear and did not stage any of the Bulgakov s plays for many years.

    311 thoughts on “مرشد و مارگریتا

    • This review is dedicated to Mary, the very model of a perfect co-moderator and GR friend.Unlocking the Meaning of The Master and MargaritaMikhail BulgakovIn the decades following the publication of The Master and Margarita, myriad critics have attempted to find a key to unlock the meaning of Bulgakov’s unfinished masterwork. Some viewed the novel as a political roman à clef, laboriously substituting historical figures from Stalinist Moscow for Bulgakov’s characters. Others posited a religio [...]


    • EXTRA! EXTRA!This review has now been immortalized in audio format. Authentic Russian accent and Russian quotes are provided free of charge :) soundcloud/nataliyac/the-m--------------------I'm staying home from work today, sick to the extreme, and it's only in that unique feverish clarity that comes with illness that I dare to even try to write about this book.This is THE book. The one that all the other books are measured against. The one that I've read more times since I was twelve than the nu [...]


    • The Master and Margarita, Mikhail BulgakovThe Master and Margarita is a novel by Russian writer Mikhail Bulgakov, written in the Soviet Union between 1928 and 1940 during Stalin's regime. The story concerns a visit by the devil to the officially atheistic Soviet Union. Many critics consider it to be one of the best novels of the 20th century, as well as the foremost of Soviet satires.The novel alternates between two settings. The first is 1930s Moscow, where Satan appears at the Patriarch Ponds [...]


    • The Chicago Tribune wrote: “The book is by turns hilarious, mysterious, contemplative and poignant, and everywhere full of rich descriptive passages.”Hilarious and contemplative my ass, CT. This book is an interminable slog.Look, here’s the deal. I get that this book satirizes 1930s Stalinist Russia, and I get that—for some—this earns The Master and Margarita a place on their “works-of-historical-importance” shelves. But for me, it earns nothing. I mean, let’s just call a spade a [...]


    • «Sympathy for the Devil»His name is God. Not Lucifer,not Satan,but God!!!Satan is God in a bad mood. God in a bad mood lays our souls to waste. «As heads is tales Just call me LUCIFERcop is to criminal as God is to Lucifer». God in a good mood plays games with us. «What’s confusing you is just THE NATURE OF MY GAME»«This song has a direct tie to the book, "the Master and the Margarita", is about all the history & tragedies with points throughout time. The man he is describing is the [...]


    • A poet "Homeless", as he calls himself, and a magazine editor, his gruff boss, Berlioz, are having a conversation, in a quiet, nondescript Moscow park, just before the start of the Second World War. Drinking, just harmless sodas, and discussing business, ordinary right? That's the last time in this novel, it is. An apparition appears in the sky, weird and unbelievable, a frightening seven foot transparent man, is seen floating above their heads, but only Berlioz spots it, he's obviously, the edi [...]


    • Manuscripts don’t burn…Mikhail Bulgakov, who is no stranger to the pale fire of a burning manuscript, has created a masterpiece of fiction that truly cannot be burned. Having been completed, but not fully edited, by the time of Bulgakov’s demise, this novel survived Soviet censorship and the test of time to remain one of the foremost Russian novels of the 20th century, and still holds relevance in today’s world. From political intrigue and scathing social satire to religious commentary a [...]


    • مزخرف یعنی این: از لحاظ تازگی درجه دوتازگی تنها یک درجه دارد؛ درجه اول و آخرش یکی استاین کتاب نمایشی است از تقابل راستی و دروغ در جامعه روسیه استالین جامعه روسیه را دروغ و دزدی و تظاهر فرا گرفته و روشنفکران و منتقدان و نویسندگان هم به این کار دامن می زننداز آنان بیشتر از این انت [...]


    • Love leaped out in front of us like a murderer in an alley leaping out of nowhere, and struck us both at once. As lightning strikes, as a Finnish knife strikes! She, by the way, insisted afterwards that it wasn’t so, that we had, of course, loved each other for a long, long time, without knowing each other, never having seen each other… I experienced this magical novel as an unrivalled ode to love and reveled in its delectable burlesque and hilarious scenes. It knocked me off my feet and poi [...]


    • This is a romp. While reading it I saw somewhere that Salman Rushdie said it was a major influence for him in the writing of The Satanic Verses. I have an inkling, unconfirmed at this point, that Gabriel García Márquez andItalo Calvino were also influenced by it. Several things about it surprise me. No doubt it's loaded with political subtext about Stalin's Russia; it was written during the years of the worst crimes of Stalin's regime. I speak here of "dekulakization," in which some 20 to 50 m [...]


    • There once was a book praised as boffThat caused others to pan it and scoffSo who wrote this thingWhence sentiments swing?T’was a Russian they called Bulgakov.The culture was smothered by StalinHe purged those he felt failed to fall in.So how to respondSans magical wand?With satire, to show it’s appallin’.The book has been said to have layersWith multiple plotlines and players.There’s good and there’s badAnd witches unclad.Can naked truth sate the naysayers?The Devil’s own minions ha [...]


    • The Master and Margarita by Soviet era writer Mikhail Bulgakov seems to inspire strong emotions though most critics and commentators have been impressed with the fantastic satire. Le Monde listed the novel number 94 on its 100 books of the century. I found it absurd, outrageous, inconsistent, but for the most part entertaining. I would probably appreciate the novel more if I better understood Bulgakov’s scathing satire on atheistic Soviet society, which he exposes as materialistic and bourgeoi [...]


    • This is not a review. This is my reaction to reading TM&M. Nothing more, and certainly less.From time to time, and always when I receive a Friend Request, I check other people’s Read list via the Compare Books function—constantly cringing at the five titles that always show up as huge scars—the titles on their Read list and my To Read list. The indignity. It doesn’t end. There are five, five which constantly haunt me, flood me with shame. This is (was) one of them (had I chosen to re [...]


    • Soviet Ghost StoriesStories, stories, all is stories: political stories, religious stories, scientific stories, even stories about stories. We live inside these stories. Like this one in The Master and Margarita. The story that we can more or less agree upon we call reality. But is it real?Story-making and telling is what we do as human beings. Through stories we create meaning out of thin air, in the same way that plants create their food from light, and usually with about the same level of cas [...]


    • Swimming Against the StreamThis was my second reading of “The Master and Margarita”, although the first must have been in the mid-70’s.I had vivid memories of the first reading, although if you had asked me to describe them, I wouldn’t have been able to. All I can recall is something fluid and magical.I hesitate to use the term “Magical Realism”, because I wasn’t aware of it at the time and, besides, I dispute whether the term applies to Bulgakov’s work.My experience this time wa [...]


    • وكأنها نحتت من صخر فنان عاهدها بالمراجعة والتدقيق من حينٍ لآخر لتخرج لنا بهذه الصورة النهائية. لوحة فنية وغيمة من مطر وإعصار تربك القارئ حد الجنون هذه رواية من روح ونبض.من أعظم ما قرأت في الأدب الروسي الأدب الذي يحتل مكانة مرموقة لا ينازعه عليها ويتجاوزه مؤخرًا أدب المناطق ا [...]


    • The first time I read The Master and Margarita many years ago I saw it as a diamond in the rough. Rereading it now, I can see how brilliant that diamond really is. Jubilee editionIt's difficult to explain the effect of this book. There is such a wild oscillation in it that swings us back and forth between two worlds: the world of Moscow - a wild circus with the devil Woland as ringmaster - and the world of Yershalaim (Jerusalem). These are fictional reinventions that retain a basic truth.But per [...]



    • “Encantado de conocerte / espero que adivines mi nombre / lo que realmente te despista / es la clase de juego que me traigo”, cantan los Rolling Stones en “Sympathy for the Devil”, un tema que parece haber sido compuesto especialmente por y para este libro.¡Y qué libro tan genial! Cuando uno lee este tipo de novelas, entiende por qué se los denomina “libros de culto” y es que simplemente uno no puede dejar de sucumbir ante tanta perfección narrativa y literaria. Hay ciertos autor [...]


    • Barely begun, I have more left! The fantastic adventures of the man with the severed head and demonic cat that disappears and reappears at will (among others) soothes me. What a brilliant storyteller that this Russian writer of the last century! The appearance of Marguerite Nikolaievna, the lover of the Master - 30 years, beautiful, smart, and married - without children - a very eminent specialist early in the second part of the story was very bewitching and for good reason, and thanks to Azazel [...]


    • چگونه مى‌توان عاشق ولند نبود؟ چگونه مى‌توان آرزويش را نكرد؟ شيطانى كه با دستيارهايش جهان را از پاشنه در مى‌كند تا حق گردن كلفت‌ها را بگذارد كف دست‌شان، گردن بزرگ‌ترين‌هاشان را به يك اشاره خرد كند، با شعبده‌هايش به ريش‌شان بخندد و اين چهره‌هاى متشخص و جا افتاده را روانۀ [...]


    • عندما انضممت إلى صالون الأدب الروسي هنا في القودريدس، كان من ضمن أهدافي المضمرة هو التتلمذ على أيدي أساتذة الأدب الروسي (أعظم آداب العالم في رأيي) مثل غوغول ودوستويفسكي وبوشكين وتولستوي وغيرهم استعدادًا لكتابة روايتي الأولى.مشكلة كتاب الرواية العرب المعاصرين أنهم يقتحمون [...]


    • There was something devilish and demonic in the time itself so the devil with his demons descended unto the capital city.First of all, the man described did not limp on any leg, and was neither short nor enormous, but simply tall. As for his teeth, he had platinum crowns on the left side and gold on the right. He was wearing an expensive grey suit and imported shoes of a matching colour. His grey beret was cocked rakishly over one ear; under his arm he carried a stick with a black knob shaped li [...]


    • What. The Hell. Was That? This Russian novel was so wacky and schizophrenic that it gave me a headache.I had never heard of "The Master and Margarita" until a book club friend said it was one of her favorites. It comes weighted with a lot of praise -- it is considered one of the great Russian novels and has been listed as one of the best books of the 20th Century.I read a lot of glowing, 5-star reviews of this book, but I just didn't connect with it as others have. I didn't even like the book un [...]


    • This is sorta like trying to explain the Harry Potter & the Forbidden Journey ride at Universal Studios (a constant ad on [also, cool factoid: this is actor Daniel Radcliffe's favorite novel!])--I will eventually make a fool of myself trying to describe the orchestrations of both the physical body with the pyrotechnics and rollercoaster mechanics see, I just can't.And one cant quite get to the bottom of "The Master and Margarita"--a trippy, satirical, hard-to-classify classic of the mid-cen [...]


    • HmmIt would appear that poor old Berlioz was not the only one to lose his head, feels like mine has gone as well!, not literally though more mentally, as I can't quite make heads or tails out of what has just gone before my eyes!. While other writers of this time period put pen to paper in the darkest of ways under Stalin's reign, Mikhail Bulgakov decides to write about among other things, talking cats, naked witches, Pontius Pilate, invisible body cream, trumpet playing gorillas and dancing pol [...]


    • I'm just going to let the sparrow take the wheel of this humble attempt to review a book that I cannot find the words to adequately define! The fox trotting sparrow that is. Haven't read this book yet? If you haven't, that isn't a spoiler, it's just a fantastical little paragraph and image that has stuck with me. Imaginea sparrow dancing the foxtrotd then pooping. Are you doing it? OK, now you're ready for this book.I sure wasn't ready for what was in store for me. I struggled at first. And it's [...]


    • It is difficult to read the Master and Margarita without an uncomfortable awareness of one’s lack of understanding and ability to viscerally relate to the 1920’s Soviet Russia Bulgakov was enthusiastically eviscerating, and therefore easy (and maybe more enjoyable) to read it from a purely acontextual, Formalistic point of view. That being said, it is precisely those times where Bulgakov allows himself to overtly attack his enemies and speechify slightly on the stultifying nature of bureaucr [...]


    • إن قراءة رواية مثل المعلم ومارغريتا مثل الدخول في حفلة صاخبة فيها أنشطة مختلفة وأنت تقف في المنتصف حائرا ولاتعرف ماذا تفعل بالضبط هذا كان حالي في وأنا أقرأ صفحات الرواية إلا إن المرحلة الهامة هي تلك التي تأتي بعد أن تغلق آخر صفحة وتفكر ماذا حدث بالضبط وأين كنت وأين ذهب كل هؤل [...]


    • Very little can prepare you for the wild ride that is Mikhail Bulgakov's "The Master and Margarita," especially if you've read other literature or folklore that have the devil as a character. What will be helpful, I suspect, is knowing a bit about the time and setting of the novel. Bulgakov wrote this book between 1930 and 1940 while living in Moscow under Stalin. The book is set in 1920, when everything was being taken under government control, from the distribution of food and beverages to cit [...]


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